Amanda Fenstermaker, Preservation Maryland Board member and Director of Dorchester County Tourism, was recently honored at an event in Cambridge, Maryland with a citation from Governor Larry Hogan for her community service and heritage preservation efforts.
North Brentwood was the first African American town to become part of Prince George’s County when it was incorporated in 1924. Over time and out of necessity, this historic enclave has been home and host to famous citizens, athletes, and musicians — like Sis’s Tavern that hosted Duke Ellington.
From the Lab: Comparing Stone Tools in Anne Arundel County
10/15/2016 By Preservation Maryland
As the days of summer fade away and fall approaches, it can only mean one thing for an archaeologist – lab work. It’s an inevitable part of the process and advances the discoveries of field work into analytical hypothesis about the way that humans may have lived over 10,000 years ago in Maryland.
The Waxter Memorial Internship program of Preservation Maryland is supporting the participation and research of intern, Matthew Nickelson, in the research at River Farm, as he works towards completing a degree in Environmental Sustainability from the University of Baltimore. Learn more about Matt and the intern program here: presmd.org/waxter.
FROM MATT NICKELSON, ARCHAEOLOGY INTERN:
The research I am conducting through the Waxter Memorial Internship program is focused on comparing lithic stone material, a broad description that applies to the creation of stone tools, between Pig Point and River Farm that are only a mile apart on the east bank of the Patuxent River in Anne Arundel County. These are two significant sites in that they span 10,000 years of human occupation and are rich in archaeological finding with more than 630,000 artifacts were recovered during excavation from 2009-2014.
Due to the large amount of artifacts excavated from Pig Point, I narrowed my focus down to concentrate on 22 excavation units dating from the Woodland period (1000 BC to 1600 AD) most commonly defined as a time of settling down and an increase in subsistence life culture. To organize my samples, I further separated them by time (early, middle, and late Woodland period) and by the location within the dig area (upper, midden, and lower block).
Tools and projectiles from Pig Point.
Tools and projectile points arranged by stratum.
To understand the complex assemblage of artifacts, I used a PivotTable in Microsoft Excel to make observations and create bar charts about specific variables of the lithic materials, including time and location, as well as:
Tool type: knife, chopper, scrapper, drill
Points: finished product of stone tool production
Debitage: waste produced from stone stone production
My results are not finalized, but it can be surmised that the lower block of the Pig Point area is where tools were being produced and then brought up to the upper block which is closer to the north block that contains the ceremonial area.
After additional research, Matt’s work will be presented to the Commission, detailed on the Preservation Maryland blog, and will translate to earned credits to complete his degree in Environmental Sustainability at the University of Baltimore. Learn more about Matt and the Waxter Internship program at: presmd.org/waxter.
Preservation Maryland is Maryland’s first and largest organization dedicated to preserving the state’s historic buildings, neighborhoods, landscapes, and archaeological sites.